The President of Indonesia is the head of state as well as the head of the Indonesian government. As the head of state, the president is the official symbol of the Indonesian state in the world. Then as head of government, the president is assisted by the vice president and his cabinet to hold executive power to carry out daily government duties.
Here are 5 figures who have served as Vice President of Indonesia
1. Try Sutrisno
Try Sutrisno was the 6th Vice President of Indonesia from 1993-1998 during the Soeharto era. Born in Surabaya, November 15, 1935, Try Sutrisno was born in a pre-prosperous family, where his father was an ambulance driver, and his mother was a housewife. After graduating from military education at ATEKAD 1959, he served a lot in Sumatra, Jakarta and East Java. Try was sent back for further education at the Army Staff and Command School (SESKOAD).
His career began to skyrocket when he was elected as President Soeharto’s adjutant in 1974, then in 1978 he was appointed Chief of Staff of KODAM XVI Udayana, then became Commander of KODAM IV Sriwijaya in the following year. In 1982, Try was appointed Commander of KODAM V Jaya based in Jakarta. He resolved many horizontal conflicts, which at that time was busy with the Tanjung Priok incident. In 1985, he was elected Deputy Chief of Staff of the Army (Deputy KSAD), and 1986 became Commander of the Army Chief of Staff. He was the pioneer of the formation of the TNI-AD Compulsory Housing Savings Agency, which made it easier for soldiers to have their own homes. At the peak of his military career, Try Sutrisno was appointed Commander of the TNI or ABRI in 1988 replacing L.B. Moerdani. He has carried out many military operations in the history of the Indonesian nation, starting from the Talangsari Incident in 1990, the Dili Incident in 1991, and the 1992 Aceh Separatist Movement. His term of office ended in 1993 to enter a period of retirement, and finally in February 1993 he was elected. became Vice President of Indonesia to replace Sudharmono.
After finishing his duties as Vice President in 1998, he seems to be enjoying his retirement. However, the state’s call did not prevent him from continuing to serve the country. The father-in-law of Ryamizard Ryacudu (former Minister of Defense of Indonesia 2014-2019) has returned to his active organization by being appointed Deputy Chair of the Steering Committee for the Pancasila Ideology Development Agency (BPIB) in 2018.
He also seems to like wearing batik as his daily outfit. As seen in the picture, he is pictured with President Jokowi and Megawati Soekarnoputri when Jokowi is officially re-elected as President of Indonesia for the second term in 2019. He is seen wearing Tigo Negeri (Tiga Negara) batik. Tigo Negeri itself consists of three different city accents that represent the motives contained therein, namely Lasem, Pekalongan and Solo. The country at that time (1940s) means the autonomy of a region. This motif consists of a combination of flowers, leaves and batik details. It is believed that they got their red coloring in the Lasem area, which has many ethnic Chinese residents. On the other hand, they get a lot of blue coloring from the Pekalongan area, and brown coloring is widely circulated in Solo. This is all because the chemical mixture, especially water from each region, had a different character at that time. Nowadays, a piece of Batik Tigo Negeri has a very high selling value because of the complexity of the process, which can take up to 6 months per piece at least. This motif is a fiber with a high beauty and cultural value.
2. Hamzah Haz
Born in Ketapang, West Kalimantan 15 February 1940, Hamzah Haz was the 9th Vice President of Indonesia who served during the 2001-2004 period, replacing Megawati Soekarnoputri who rose to become President of Indonesia replacing Gus Dur in the same year. After graduating from the faculty of economics at the University of Tanjungpura, he began his career as Deputy Chairman of the West Kalimantan Regional Council of Nahdatul Ulama (NU), then became a member of the DPR for NU which merged with the United Development Party (PPP). In 1998 he was appointed Head of the Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM) by President Habibie in 1998. He then resigned a year later due to public pressure that did not want party leaders to serve as ministers. Hamzah Haz was then elected as Deputy Speaker of the DPR for the 1999-2004 term. Just a few weeks into that position, Gus Dur, who was then President of Indonesia, asked him to become the Coordinating Minister for People’s Welfare to replace Haryono Suyono. At its peak, he was elected to accompany Megawati Soekarnoputri, who became President of the Republic of Indonesia through the MPR Special Session.
Seen in the picture, Hamzah Haz, who was interviewed by Detikcom at that time (photo credit by Detikcom), wore a white-brown sogan batik with Sido Mulyo motif. This is reflected in the symmetrical and typical shapes of the diamonds throughout the fabric. Inside there are micro motifs which usually consist of living trees, butterflies, building motifs, or eagles. Sido in Javanese means to be or to be done, while Mulya means to be sublime or glory. The basic philosophy that underlies this Sidomulyo Batik is that humans can achieve glory when they can control the four lusts, anger, lust for lawwamah, napsu supiyah, and lust mutmainah.
Boediono is the 11th Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia, 2009-2014. He was elected to accompany President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono for his second term. The man who was born in Blitar 77 years ago graduated from the faculty of economics at the University of Western Australia in 1967, then continued his master’s program in economics at Monash University and a doctoral program (S3) at the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania. He started his career as a bureaucrat by being appointed as Head of Bappenas (National Development Planning Agency) in 1998. Not last long, in the same year, he was replaced by Kwik Kian Gie. Then he was then reappointed as Minister of Finance in 2001 replacing Rizal Ramli, where he participated in bringing Indonesia off the assistance of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). During the first term of President SBY, he was appointed as Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs replacing Aburizal Bakrie in 2005. He was chosen because he was deemed able to stabilize the rupiah currency in the range of Rp 9,000 at that time. On April 9, 2008, the DPR approved him as Governor of Bank Indonesia replacing Burhanuddin Abdullah. At his peak, he was elected by President SBY in 2009 as Vice President of Indonesia.
It can be seen in the picture taken in October 2014, shortly before he finished serving as Vice President, Boediono wore a batik dress with the Kawung Kembang motif. Kawung itself can be a symbol of someone who is full of humility. Another meaning contained in the kawung motif is purity and purity. While flowers are associated with beauty and beauty.
4. Jusuf Kalla
Jusuf Kalla is the 10th and 12th Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia. He served as Vice President in two different periods, namely during President SBY I (2004-2009) and President Jokowi I (2014-2019). The man who was born in South Sulawesi 78 years ago, has a long career history both in the bureaucracy, technocarations, and in the business world. Daeng Ucu, as he is called, received his education at the Faculty of Economics, Hasanuddin University and The European Institute of Business Administration France. After that, he continued the family business to become CEO of NV Hadji Kalla, who under his leadership, developed rapidly, previously only working in the export-import world, then penetrated into the hospitality, construction, vehicle sales, shipping, real estate, transportation, etc. business.
His political career began when he became a minister in the era of President Abdurrahman Wahid as minister of industry. Then during the era of President Megawati, he was again appointed as Coordinating Minister for People’s Welfare for the 2001-2004 period. Then President SBY was appointed to accompany him as Vice President in 2004 and won, until 2009. In 2009 he actually ran as a Candidate for President of the Republic of Indonesia alongside Wiranto, but lost. After that he served as Chairman of the 12th Indonesian Red Cross to date. Only in 2014 did he return to accompany President Jokowi as Vice President for the second time. He also received many awards including Doctor Honoris Causa from several universities such as the University of Indonesia, Hasanudin University, Brawijaya University, etc., he was also awarded the Peace Figure Award at the World Youth Forum, because he was known to be a peace reconciler during the Ambon Incident.
Jusuf Kalla or who is also familiarly called JK is seen often wearing batik shirts in his daily life. He is seen wearing a lot of weaving, both Sengkang Weaving (South Sulawesi), Garut Weaving, and Balinese Weaving. For batik, he is often seen with the original Batik Sogan from Solo and Jogja. Seen in the picture when he is being interviewed by reporters in front of his office, the Office of the Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia, in 2018. He is seen wearing Batik Solo, the natural dye of Wahyu Temurun, so it looks a bit grayish brown in color. As previously reviewed, Wahyu Temurun’s batik can be interpreted as a blessing or revelation sent down by God to the wearer. This patterned cloth is usually used at wedding receptions to be a blessing for the bride and groom who wanders the married life.
5. Ma’ruf Amin
Ma’ruf Amin is the 13th Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia, the 2019-2024 period in the Jokowi II period. He became Vice President who replaced Jusuf Kalla in the previous period. Kyai Ma’ruf, as he is called, has a myriad of organizational and religious activities. The man who was born in Tangerang, March 11, 1943, started his career as a teacher and preacher. He also became a lecturer at Nahdatul Ulama University, then became a member of the DKI Jakarta DPRD from 1971-1973. He also served as a member of the MPR and a member of the DPR. In other positions, he is known to be Chairman of the Ansor Youth Movement (1964-1966), Chairman of NU Jakarta (1966-1970), Rois Syuriah PBNU (1994-1998), Daily Chairperson of the MUI National Sharia Council (2004-2010), Member of the Presidential Advisory Council RI (2007-2014), Chair of the MUI (2015-2019) and Daily Chair of the National Committee on Sharia Economics and Finance (2020-present).
It can also be seen that Kyai Maruf has always been fond of wearing batik shirts. He was seen wearing a Gurdo (Garuda) batik shirt. In ancient times, Garuda was the vehicle of Lord Vishnu, who was also known as the sun god. It can be symbolized as the source of life and masculinity. In the ancient Mataram era, this Gurdo motif could only be worn by kings, not for commoners. Until now, the Gurdo motif is still very popular where this motif is also the symbol or logo of the Mataram Kingdom. If examined more deeply, this motif consists of three main parts. The first is a pair of wings that are fluffy and look symmetrical on both sides. The second is the fluffy tail of the bird and its odd number of feathers, and the third is that it contains a bird or a human image which is a symbol of the eagle’s organs resembling human organ