The process of making batik is divided into several processes. First is batik, where canting is used as a pen to write or draw. Canting is usually made of wood, the end of the handle is made of brass or zinc plate and has a sharp shape. Canting is usually put into a pan containing a night candle which will later be used as ink drawing. The advantage of original handmade batik is that buyers will have their own pride because original handmade batik is usually only produced by one, never the same. So that no one else is wearing a similar batik. The drawback is the time required to make batik relatively long, ranging from two to six months for one cloth. Also, the price offered will be relatively high because of the long process. The special characteristic of written batik is that its motives tend to be irregular or messy, for example making one circle with another is not the same because it uses hands.
The second process is stamp batik. The tasting process is done with molds or canting made of relatively large iron or aluminum. The large canteen is also smeared in a pan filled with wax. The advantage of this technique is to set aside time for production due to the large canting effect which when producing such a stamp as in the post office so that the fabric media will quickly be filled with motifs. The price offered will also be cheaper because the production is more mass. The disadvantage of printed batik cloth is that there will be more users who have the same motif because of the mass production. The special feature of a printed batik is that the motifs are repeated and the same.
The fourth process which is also very popular in the batik market in Indonesia is batik printing. Batik printing is no different from other garment processes. Printed with mass production systems, batik printing has become popular because it can be sold at very cheap prices such as shirts or other clothes. Many observers and observers of Indonesian batik consider that the printing process batik is not batik, but batik-patterned textiles.
The third process is a combination of write and stamp. This batik technique only combines the two processes above. In reality on the market, many combination fabrics have more stamp techniques than they write. This field fact is based on the number of combination batik whose proportions are unbalanced and can be seen on fabric. The price of a combination batik is not as expensive as written batik, but above the price of printed batik. The motifs produced tend to follow the motifs of written batik to make it look exclusive. So that makes it one of the advantages in buying a combination of written batik or familiar to traders, caplis batik.
The last process that is also very famous is weaving. The weaving process is a process that starts from the spinning of yarn that is strung together. There are two existing looms, namely ATM (Machine Weaving Tools) and ATBM (Non-Machine Weaving Tools). ATMs are usually used to produce gloves in a fast and massive process. ATBM is more for some woven fabrics used for shirts, where yarn spinning is done by humans. The media used is like a simple spinning table by joining the threads together.
Some materials that are commonly used as a medium of batik ranging from cotton to silk. Cotton cloth is divided into several types in terms of thickness. From thick materials to thin ones, prime mori cotton, primisima cotton, flag cotton, golden carriage cotton, to the thinnest sateen cotton. Likewise with silk there are several kinds of thickness. Some sources say, the thinner the cotton, the more expensive the price is, inversely proportional to silk, the thinner the cheaper the price. There are some anomalies that occur on the market, where many sellers claim to sell cheaper batik silk material, which in fact is replaced by similar but different materials, such as dobi and viscous cotton which has a texture similar to silk.