Indonesian woven fabrics

Indonesian Woven Fabrics

The type of Indonesian wastra fabric is not only batik, but also the famous one is tenun. Weaving is said to be simple in the manufacturing process, because the process only combines threads lengthwise. The threads are crossed alternately. Some of the woven fabrics include wood, cotton, and silk fibers. In Indonesia itself, the art of weaving is closely related to culture, understanding, beliefs, and knowledge of the natural environment and social culture in society. Weaving also has certain motifs, colors, and characteristics that represent the area of ‚Äč‚Äčorigin of the weaving. Weaving producing areas stretch from Sabang to Merauke, including Batak weaving, Palembang weaving, Garut weaving, Jepara weaving, Jogja weaving (Lurik), Balinese weaving, Sumba weaving, Sengkang weaving (Makassar), Toraja weaving, and others.

Some of the basic differences between batik and weaving include several factors. The first is the method of manufacture. Batik is made in a relatively difficult way because it goes through 12 stages of manufacture, while woven cloth is made relatively easy, because it only combines a few threads combined with a loom which is often called a non-machine weaving tool (ATBM). The second factor lies in the motive. The weaving motifs still vary, but when compared to batik motifs throughout Indonesia, the woven motifs are classified as less. Then weaving motifs are rarely applied to batik and vice versa, batik motifs are rarely applied to a woven cloth. The third factor is coloring. There are relatively more colors for woven fabrics, because the mixing of colors can be 10-15 colors at once, whereas batik can only be 2-3 colors. For the last factor is the time to manufacture. Stamped batik cloth takes 1-2 weeks per piece of cloth, whereas hand-written batik takes 1 to 6 months depending on the level of detail. Meanwhile, woven fabrics are usually similar to the length of the written batik process which takes months, because it requires a high level of accuracy. Thus, it also affects the price of a woven cloth, which is similar to the price of written batik, which ranges from hundreds to millions of rupiah per piece.